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Types of breast cancer and related conditions

There are different types of breast cancers – 

In this cancer, the cells grow through the inner lining of the ducts into the surrounding breast tissue and the area. Given that these cancers have no specific features, they are classified as No Special Type. They were previously called invasive ductal carcinoma. Around 70% of all invasive breast cancers are of this type. This type of cancer is diagnosed after looking under the microscope to observe the cells and their particular features.

The symptoms of breast cancer include:

Treatment:

To formulate a treatment protocol the doctors generally focus on: 

For invasive breast cancer, the options can be –

This type of cancer develops in the cells lining the lobules and cancer spreads to the surrounding breast tissue. The lobules have the glands that make milk when a woman is breastfeeding. Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is different that Invasive lobular breast cancer.

Symptoms might be – 

Treatment- 

The treatment for invasive lobular breast cancer is very similar to most of the breast cancer, including a surgery to remove the tumour along with a lining of the surrounding area of healthy tissue. This procedure is called breast-conserving surgery. If the cancer is spread in areas greater than the breast, then it might not be possible for the doctor to do a conservative surgery. In these cases, the removal of the whole breast (a mastectomy) is recommended. Meanwhile, breast reconstruction is also advised to such patients.

This is a rather rare type of breast cancer. The cancerous cells will block the smallest lymph channels of the breast resulting in the skin to become red and inflamed. The lymph ducts normally drain excess tissue fluid away from the breasts and in case that they become blocked, the swelling is seen. Around 1 to 5 cases in 100 are inflammatory breast cancers.

Symptoms include –

Treatment for inflammatory breast cancer –

The treatment for inflammatory breast cancer is slightly different –

Breast angiosarcomas are the cancers that form in the blood-forming walls of the breast. They are very rare, only around 1%. It is most common in women, but some cases have been reported in male gender also. They are divided into:

They are more common in older women and are very likely to grow quickly. 

Symptoms – 

Angiosarcomas lead to changes in the skin colour of the surrounding area.

This type of cancer starts when in the lining of the ducts. The cells in the ducts start to become cancerous. These cells are contained inside these ducts and yet have not started DCIS is described in different ways including –

In some people, if left untreated, this becomes invasive cancer. Although DCIS does not spread to the adjoining tissue, there is a chance it spreads to the nearby lymph nodes.

The symptoms are very limited. The patient might feel a lump in the breast and some discharge from the nipple which might be blood-stained.

It is the type of cancer in which the cells inside the breast lobules start to work abnormally. These glands make breast milk. The abnormal cells are present within the inner lining of the lobules. This could be present in both breasts. This is not a severe form of cancer, but it increases the incidence of having a future cancer development in the breasts. 

Cost of breast cancer treatment in India depends on the following factors –

See Also:- Corona Virus

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