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Hyperpigmentation 101: What Is It & How to Treat It?

The quantity of melanin in your skin determines the skin color. Melanin is a substance generated by melanocytes, which are a kind of skin cell. Your skin is in a continuous process of transformation. New skin cells are generated in the epidermis’ lower levels and progressively move up to the surface of the skin, where they expire and are brushed off. Melanocytes are found in the epidermis’ deeper levels. Melanocytes generate more melanin in individuals with coloured skin than those with fair skin. Melanin generation is triggered by UV exposure as well as irritation.

Excessive melanin protects the skin from UV damage in persons with darker skin. Melanin may not give as much protection from the sun in persons with lighter skin. When you will learn about hyperpigmentation 101, you’ll come to know that hyperpigmentation is the term used to denote darker areas of skin. These can affect people of all skin kinds, although they are more frequent in persons with darker skin.

Hyperpigmentation can be caused by a variety of factors, including the following:

  • a) Hyperpigmentation after an inflammatory reaction
  • b) Heat exposure for an extended length of time (When we are constantly using laptop or computer or when any kind of hot water bottle or pad put in over a long period of time to any part of the body)
  • c) Melasma, a discoloration of the skin on the forehead and cheeks that can happen during childbirth or while taking oral contraceptives.
  •  (d) Becker’s nevus 
  • e) Treatments like minocycline, imipramine, and amiodarone.
  • f) Addison’s illness (endocrine sickness).
  • g) Hemochromatosis, often known as “bronze diabetes,” is a condition in which the total body iron stimulates melanocytes, causing skin discoloration in 90 percent of cases.
  • h) Tanning as a result of UV (ultraviolet) radiation.

Hyperpigmentation home treatments

Natural treatments could potentially be able to help lighten hyperpigmented spots. Nevertheless, no big-scale human trials have been conducted to establish the efficacy of any of these treatments. If a person wants to attempt a new therapy or herbal cure, they must first examine it on a tiny patch of skin and avoid applying it if the skin becomes irritated.

The below natural remedies can help to decrease hyperpigmentation’s appearance:

  1. Aloe vera

Aloesin, a chemical ingredient in aloe vera, has been shown to help with hyperpigmentation. Aloesin acts by preventing melanin formation in the skin. According to one research, aloe vera pills can help expectant mothers with melasma.

Aloe vera gel can be applied directly to the skin on a regular basis. Nevertheless, no studies have explicitly connected aloe vera to decreased patches of hyperpigmentation, thus experts are unsure of the technique’s efficacy.

  1. Licorice

Hyperpigmentation may be reduced by using licorice ingredients. Glabridin, a licorice ingredient, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidants, and skin-whitening properties in studies.

Glabridin-containing creams can be used in hyperpigmented regions. Glabridin-containing materials can be purchased at pharmacy shops and on the internet.

  1. Green tea

Green tea ingredients have been shown to help with hyperpigmentation. Green tea has long been researched for its anti-oxidant and its good effects on the skin.

Green tea compounds have been shown to heal melasma and decrease sunburn in research. Until scientists can completely grasp if green tea can truly relieve symptoms, more study is required.

Among the treatment possibilities are:

  • Hydroquinone activates the enzyme tyrosinase, which is required for the production of melanin. It is a skincare ointment that may be used two times per day to the skin for 6 months and is only available on prescription in the UK. It’s sometimes used in conjunction with retinoids and topical steroids.
  • Retinoids are vitamin A derivatives that are used on the skin as a skin cream. They aim to decrease hyperpigmentation by inhibiting tyrosinase’s activities, boosting epidermal skin rejuvenation, and aiding pigmentation granule dissemination. Some are available over-the-counter, while others necessitate a prescription.
  • Tranexamic acid (TA); there has recently been a lot of buzz about the potential of utilizing tranexamic acid (TA) to cure hyperpigmentation. Women with excessively heavy bleeding generally take TA by mouth to assist regulate their menstrual flow. TA, on the other hand, has been shown to block plasmin, thereby shutting off the inflammatory reaction that causes melanin formation. Several modest human trials have demonstrated that topical application to the skin can effectively cure hyperpigmentation. More investigation is required.

If a client desires to cure hyperpigmentation for fashion reasons, they should consult a specialist, who can inform them on the most effective treatment options.

Find here – How to Treat It

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