The hormonal activity of the male body is rarely raised even by medical specialists. Ordinary people often have no idea about them at all and believe that the concept of hormonal failure refers only to women’s health. Continue reading to know more about the hormonal imbalance and its treatments.
The work of the endocrinological system affects longevity, the full functioning of the nervous, cardiovascular, bone, and genitourinary spheres. Violations in the production of hormones lead to several diseases, a decrease in the quality of life, and a decrease in its duration.
The hormonal background is fully formed by the time puberty is over and may differ depending on individual characteristics (such as sexual constitution, the presence of diseases). After 30 years, testosterone levels begin to decline. A large number of factors affect the hormonal background: lifestyle, diet, ecology, bad habits.
What is hormonal imbalance
The hormonal system is most vulnerable in adolescence and after 45 years, so it is at this time that the risk of an imbalance is great. It is a disease of the endocrine system, which is expressed in a decrease or increase in the production of hormones (most often testosterone). This in turn leads to negative changes in the body.
For example, hormonal imbalance can trigger the development of prostate adenoma.
Common causes of male hormone production disorders are allergies, injuries, tumors, and inflammatory processes. Often, hormonal imbalances are caused by stress, chronic lack of sleep, toxic effects, and other factors.
Manifestations of hormonal imbalance in men
Symptoms of this disease are diverse. It can be obesity or, conversely, a sharp weight loss for no apparent reason. Weight loss is accompanied by excessive sweating, nervousness, mood swings, heart problems.
Along with weight gain, weakness, dryness of the skin, decreased blood pressure, constant drowsiness, and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract are observed.
- Hormonal imbalance is also manifested by disorders of the reproductive system;
- male infertility, prostate adenoma, sexual disorders;
- the development of diabetes, osteoporosis, and the appearance of cardiovascular diseases.
Stabilization of the hormonal background leads to an improvement in overall well-being, painful manifestations completely disappear or become less pronounced, and the risk of complications decreases.
Possibilities of modern diagnostics
Hormonal imbalance is diagnosed after research. The most important is a comprehensive laboratory diagnosis (male hormonal status), a complete package of necessary tests can be taken in specialized laboratories.
According to their results, the doctor will make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe effective treatment, since the symptoms can be caused not only by hormonal imbalance but also by other diseases.
In the presence of a confirmed diagnosis, modern laboratory studies make it possible to accurately establish the deviation from the norm for the choice of treatment methods and dynamics control. Treatment is selected individually, depending on the type of imbalance, patient age, and the presence of concomitant diseases.
You can take tests before visiting a doctor so as not to waste time. After 50 years, it is advisable to constantly monitor the hormonal background. The frequency of studies and preventive measures that will avoid health problems, the doctor recommends.
Know the symptoms of hormonal disorders in men
If you are a man and are feeling tired, irritable, and lacking in sexual interest, seek help from a urologist, as these are common symptoms related to reduced hormone levels in adults – a disorder known as androgen deficiency.
Formerly known as andropause, this disorder is no longer called that because it differs greatly from menopause – a period when women stop menstruating due to cessation of hormonal secretion from the ovaries.
Androgen deficiency in men is usually less intense and frequent than menopause in women; it does not occur in all those who age; and it can also affect young people, although it is rarer.
One of the main characteristics of androgen deficiency is the decrease in the production of testosterone by the body.
- The decrease in strength and muscle mass.
- Increased fat (visceral).
- Impaired memory and cognitive functions.
- Erectile dysfunction.
How to prevent androgen deficiency?
Performing physical activity regularly and following a healthy diet, rich in foods that help with hormonal regulation, such as broccoli, flaxseed, dried fruits, and figs, can contribute to the prevention of androgenic deficiency.
Another way to prevent the problem is to avoid risk factors that can also cause hormonal disorders, such as:
- Dyslipidemias (presence of fat in the blood, such as cholesterol and triglycerides).
- Excess alcohol.
- Anabolic steroids.
- Medicines or oral supplements with hormones.
How to treat male hormonal disorders?
Men with any symptoms related to androgen deficiency should seek medical help. Based on specific blood tests, the doctor will evaluate the hormonal reduction according to the patient’s age and clinical profile, assessing the need for treatment or not.
The treatment of androgen deficiency usually involves testosterone replacement through injectable drugs or gel lotions to be applied to the skin, as oral drugs are toxic to the liver. These treatments work by restoring the amount of hormone needed by the body.
The Advanced Urology Nucleus offers specialized care for the diagnosis and treatment of male hormonal disorders. This group has several doctors who also work in the treatment of sexual impotence, infertility, prostate diseases, urological trauma, among other problems that can affect the urinary tract of men and women.
Although urologists are often considered to be male doctors, they also treat many common diseases in women, such as kidney stones, urinary incontinence and infection, and cystitis.