Dementia is a type of brain disorder that causes long term memory loss problems (remembering things) and gradually decreases the ability to think. Dementia is the loss of reasoning, thinking, remembering, and behavioural abilities collectively. It also affects life and activities on a regular basis. Dementia mainly involves older people, but it may also affect younger people.
Dementia is one of the leading causes of dependency and disability among older people. It not only affects a person’s personality but also their carers and families. Dementia results from a variety of diseases that primarily affect the brain, such as Alzheimer’s disease.
With an increase in stress levels and changes in the lifestyle of people, there is an increase in the number of cases of dementia in young people in Jaipur.
If you are looking for the best psychiatric treatment in Jaipur for Dementia, then do consider Dr. Sanjay Jain. He has experience of more than 13 years as a mental health expert and a trainer for a psychiatrist in India according to various rating standards. He is the best psychiatrist in Jaipur. Getting the right treatment on time from the psychiatrist is the best way to find some relief.
Dementia Signs and Symptoms:
Dementia affects older people depending upon the impact and effect of the disease. The signs or symptoms of dementia can be seen in three different stages:
1. Early dementia symptoms and signs
When a person starts getting affected by dementia he tends to overlook the symptoms which gradually increases the intensity of the problem. The timely diagnosis of the problem will help the patient to cure the disease at the initial stage itself leading less or no harm. Early symptoms can be seen as:
- It may be forgetfulness
- It may be memory loss
- Find difficulty in carrying out daily activities.
- Even getting lost in familiar places
On continuous negligence of the problem in the first stage, the dementia problem may transmit to the second stage or the middle stage. In this stage, dementia, signs, and symptoms become clearer. These include:
- Difficulty in coordinating and communication
- Difficulty or inability to multitask.
- Uncharacteristic behaviour
- Forgetting names, events, appointments
Getting the right treatment at this stage becomes important. In the late(last)stage of this disease, symptoms are nearly dependency and inactiveness. Other symptoms include:
- Difficulty in recognizing family members and friends.
- Having difficulty walking
- Unaware of the time and place.
- Behavior disorders: Paranoia and suspiciousness
Causes of Dementia:
Dementia has many causes. But, the main cause is because of damage to the nerve cells and brain. It also depends on the damaged part of the brain, which affects people differently and reflects different symptoms. The main causes of dementia are
- Excessive use of alcohol
- Vitamin deficiencies
- Infection in the nervous system.
- Traumatic brain injured by car accident, concussions etc.
- Medications side effects
- High blood pressure
Types of Dementia:
The most common types of dementia include:
Alzheimer’s diseases are the major cause of dementia. Alzheimer’s consists of tangles and plaques in the brain. Beta-amyloid protein clumps up and creates plaques in between your brain cells.
Vascular Dementia is the second most common type of dementia caused by injury in the vessels that supply blood to your brain. Blood vessels can cause damage or strokes in the brain. The major symptoms of vascular dementia are problem-solving, slow thinking, loss of bladder, hallucinations.
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Lewy body Dementia:
Lewy bodies are made up of a protein called alpha-synuclein. Lewy’s body symptoms include trouble falling asleep, hallucinations, sleep behaviour disorder, etc.
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD), also called frontal lobe dementia, previously known as Pick’s disease. It is a group of conditions that affect the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. Its common symptoms are personality, thinking, affects behaviour, lack of awareness.
Mixed dementia is a combination of two or more types of dementia-like; some people have both vascular dementia and Lewy body dementia.
Stages of dementia:
There are Seven stages considered in Dementia:
1. In the first stage:
The behaviour of a person is normal, and there are no symptoms, no memory loss. Dementia is not suspected in the first stage.
2. In the second stage:
A person might forget things easily. It is associated with ageing, for example, forgetting names and familiar objects like where keys were left. In this stage, a person will do well in their memory tests, and disease can only be detected by family members or loved ones.
3. In the third stage:
Increased forgetfulness, declining work performance, and concentrating symptoms can be seen. People experiencing dementia will also find it challenging to use the right word, and to remember the names of their family members and loved ones. Families will begin to notice their cognitive symptoms.
4. In the fourth-stage
It’s an early stage of dementia where symptoms become more apparent to everyone. It includes difficulty in concentrating, memory loss, manages to finance, bills, and may forget details about their life histories.
5. In the fifth stage:
People need help to complete their daily activities like bathing, dressing. People also may not remember their address and contact number and even may not know the exact time.
6. In the sixth stage
The patient needs extensive support to complete their day to day activities and frequently require professional treatment. Symptoms included in this stage are difficulty in recognizing family members, Unawareness of environment and surroundings, significant personality changes.
7. In the seventh stage
People find it difficult to communicate and speak. The disease is a terminal illness. People in this stage are near to death, and they have no insight and need assistance to complete daily activities.
Dementia Treatment in India:
Treatment options for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease are limited. Some medications are available to reduce the symptoms of dementia. Some therapies are also available for dementia treatment. Psychiatrist Jaipur is one such leading clinic that provides best and affordable treatment to dementia patients. Their highly qualified staff and doctors properly diagnose the problem and then provide the best suitable treatment for the patient.
Some of the commonly prescribed treatments are:
- Taking therapy, such as counseling
- Cognitive-behavioural therapy is also available for those who suffer from anxiety and depression.
- Cognitive stimulation activity is a proper way to keep someone’s mind active.
- Reminiscence therapy includes things like talking and sharing with your loved ones and family members about their hometown, work, school, or hobbies.
- Cognitive rehabilitation can enable an individual to maintain skills and cope better. There are so many things that can be done at home to help their family members with dementia remain independent and live well with memory loss.
How Can We Prevent Dementia?
Dementia is hard to prevent. There is no proper and direct way to prevent dementia. A healthy lifestyle and diet are likely to decrease your risk of developing dementia. We suggest some guidelines to help in preventing dementia at root level.
- Don’t smoke
- No alcohol
- Eat healthy food
- Manage health problems
- Proper diet.
- Regular exercise
- Stay involved socially.
These diseases are preventable if you have the right doctor, the right clinic at the right time.If you or your family member have memory problems, forgetfulness, and other dementia symptoms, then you should consult the best psychiatrist in Jaipur. Dr.Sanjay Jain provides the best treatment by Cognitive-behavioral therapy and medications.